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West Wycombe Caves (Hell Fire Caves)

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Since early times there had been an open-cast quarry on the side of the hill for mining chalk for the foundations of houses in the village and for roads; it is shown in one of Hannan’s paintings of the 1740s. Sir Francis, the 2nd Baronet, set about extending this quarry in order to relieve serious local unemployment caused by three successive harvest failures in 1748, 1749 and 1750, and to provide material for a new main road between West Wycombe and High Wycombe.

Over the arched entrance to the cave he created a tall flint facade with a vaulted window which was divided by two slender stone columns. On either side of this facade are high walls of flint, with arches and recesses for statues, which encompass a large open courtyard. From the house across the valley this was clearly intended as another feature in the landscape – this time a Gothic church.

(1) The Hellfire Caves & Courtyard

What you get:1 child (age 16 and under) goes free per full paying adult.

West Wycombe Caves (Hell Fire Caves)
Church Lane
West Wycombe
High Wycombe HP14 3AH
United Kingdom
Phone: 01494 533739